NOTE: This article was originally written in Arabic, however due to Anonymous blackmailing Cyberkov with DDOS threats, it has been updated and translated to English as a response to the threat. Details of the blackmail attempt can be found at the end of this article.
Anonymous .. The First Generation!
Anonymous is regarded as the foremost hacking collective, specializing in hacktivism and politically-driven hacking operations against governments, giant corporations and the intelligence sector. The goals of Anonymous are protecting freedom, privacy and anonymity of internet citizens, as well as opposing government surveillance. The results of hacktivism operations usually come in the form of DDOS, deface and leaking sensitive information, such as the case of Stratfor, the intelligence think tank linked to the CIA. Anonymous hacked Stratfor, compromised all emails and sensitive information about global spies working in media & embassies; and leaked all of the looted secrets to Wikileaks. HBGary, also a security intelligence company, fell victim to Anonymous and suffered many losses that led to its dissolution.
Anonymous disabled scores of government websites such as the White House, US Department of Justice, and countless others after the US government attempted to pass bills allowing internet surveillance, Anonymous also carried out mass-mailing campaigns to complain to US Senators, which resulted in the withdrawal of the controversial bill. Furthermore, Anonymous launched Operation Payback against Mastercard and PayPal; inflicting millions of dollars of loses for these organizations after they froze donations to Wikileaks.